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What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

“Periodontal disease” is a blanket term for infections or inflammation that affect the tissues that surround and support your teeth. This condition, also called gum disease, affects roughly half of all adults in the U.S. alone.

The symptoms of periodontal disease include swollen and bleeding gums, red, inflamed gum tissues, and bad breath that won’t go away. Other symptoms can include receding gums, loose teeth, and shifting teeth. The causes of gum disease include:

Poor Oral Hygiene

Aggressive brushing is one of the most common causes of gum disease, but there are many other factors that can contribute to its development. People who don’t brush and floss regularly and those who use tobacco products are at risk for developing gingivitis or periodontal disease. 


Some people have an increased risk for gum disease based on their genetic makeup. If your parents had healthy gums, chances are you will too. However, if one or both of your parents suffered from periodontal issues, you may be more likely to develop them yourself.

Hormonal Changes

Fluctuations in hormones can increase your risk of developing gum disease. During puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, or other hormonally-induced events, you may notice changes in your gums. This could include bleeding during brushing or flossing.

Poor Nutrition

A diet that’s high in sugar and other refined carbohydrates can leave plaque on your teeth, increasing your risk of gum disease. Eating a healthy diet can help to prevent this from happening.

Certain Medications

Some types of medication may increase your risk of developing gum disease. This includes drugs like antidepressants, oral contraceptives, and heart medications. Talk to us about whether any medications you’re taking may be contributing to your gum problems. If so, we can help you come up with a plan to help prevent and treat it.


There’s actually a connection between stress and oral health. When you’re stressed, your body produces higher levels of certain hormones, which can increase inflammation in the body. Inflammation in the mouth can lead to the development of gum disease. If you’re experiencing stress in your life right now, try to make some changes that can help you reduce it. This can include exercise, meditation, journaling, spending time with friends and family, or anything else that relaxes you.


Tobacco use is one of the top causes of gum disease. In fact, it’s estimated that up to 90% of people with periodontitis are tobacco users. In addition to smoking and chewing tobacco, it’s also important to be aware of secondhand smoke. The toxins released into the air when tobacco products are used can affect the gums as well.

Bishop Family Dental, located in Salt Lake City, UT, is equipped with excellent amenities and expert dentists who offer patients the best dental care services. Dial (801) 274-2500 and book an appointment with the dentist to learn more about dental care services and to receive a complete dental checkup.


2120 E 3900 S #102, Salt Lake City, UT 84124

Phone: (801) 274-2500

Office Hours

MON 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

TUE 9:00 am - 6:00 pm

WED 8:00 am - 3:00 pm

THU 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

FRI 9:00 am - 3:00 pm

SAT - SUN Closed

Get in Touch

Email: info@bishopfamilydental.com

Call or Text Us: (801) 274-2500


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